Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Parley V. Winger
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Athens, GA
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources
Description:
Abstract:
The Lower Mississippi River contributes significantly to the biodiversity and ecological stability of the alluvial valley, but agricultural, industrial and municipal developments have historically impacted the environmental quality of the river. Toxicity of sediment and sediment pore water was used to assess the current effects of major cities on sediment quality along the Lower Mississippi River. Composite sediment samples were collected from four sites upriver and four sites downriver of five major cities: Cairo, IL; Memphis, TN; Vicksburg, MS; Baton Rouge, LA; and New Orleans, LA. Acute toxicity was determined by exposing Hyalella azteca to solid-phase sediment for 10 days with two water renewals per day and to sediment pore water under static conditions for 96 hours.
Purpose:
Toxicity of sediment and sediment pore water was used to assess the current effects of major cities on sediment quality along the Lower Mississippi River.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19941206
Ending_Date: 19950207
Currentness_Reference: Observed
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None Planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Composite sediment samples were collected from four sites upriver and four sites downriver of five major cities: Cairo, IL; Memphis, TN; Vicksburg, MS; Baton Rouge, LA; and New Orleans, LA.
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -95
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -90
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 29
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: fate
Theme_Keyword: transport
Theme_Keyword: PCBs
Theme_Keyword: chromium
Theme_Keyword: contaminants
Theme_Keyword: organophosphate insecticides
Theme_Keyword: organochlorine pesticides
Theme_Keyword: PAHs
Theme_Keyword: copper
Theme_Keyword: lead
Theme_Keyword: manganese
Theme_Keyword: nickel
Theme_Keyword: zinc
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Cairo, IL
Place_Keyword: Memphis, TN
Place_Keyword: MS
Place_Keyword: Lower Mississippi
Place_Keyword: Tennessee
Place_Keyword: TN
Place_Keyword: Vicksburg, MS
Place_Keyword: Baton Rouge, LA
Place_Keyword: New Orleans, LA
Place_Keyword: Mississippi
Place_Keyword: Illinois
Place_Keyword: IL
Place_Keyword: Louisiana
Place_Keyword: LA
Taxonomy:
Taxonomic_Keywords: invertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: Hyalella
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources
Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center,
University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest
Resources
Contact_Person: Parley Winger
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Address: Warnell School of Forest Resources
Address: University of Georgia
City: Athens
State_or_Province: GA
Postal_Code: 30602-2152
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 706-546-2146
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: parley_winger@usgs.gov
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Parley V. Winger and Peter J. Lasier
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Originator:
University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources, Athens, GA
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Issue_Identification: 35
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Other_Citation_Details: pp. 213-217

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Detection limits for compounds included in the PAH screen were < 0.3 micrograms per gram wet weight, <0.1 microgram per gram for PCB isomers, <0.2 micrograms per gram for organphosphates and <0.05 micrograms per gram for OCLs. Detection limits for metals were approximately 0.1 micrograms per gram dry weight. Field duplicates and blanks included for quality control represented about 10% of the samples. Procedural blanks were below detection limits and recoveries from spiked samples were within 10%. Relative standard deviation between duplicates averaged 6% and field blanks were below detectable concentrations. Cadmium was analyzed but not reported because measurements on quality assurance/quality control samples did not meet acceptance criteria.
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report:
Sediments were collected at four sites upriver and four sites downriver from each of 5 cities in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword: composite sediment samples
Methodology_Description:
Sediments were collected upstream and downstream of Cairo, IL (December 6, 1994), Memphis, TN (March 20, 1995), Vicksburg, MS (February 27, 1995), Baton Rouge, LA (January 4, 1995), and New Orleans, LA (February 7, 1995). Composite sediment samples were collected from four sites upriver of each city and four sites downriver. Sediments were collected from depositional areas within 10-20 m of the shore line. The four sampling sites above or below each city usually encompassed about 2-3 km of the river. At each site, 5 to 10 Petite Ponar grab samples were composited, homogenized and a 7.5 L sample stored in a plastic container and transported to the laboratory on ice.
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
In the laboratory, sediments were held at 4 degrees C. Testing was initiated within three days of collection following procedures described in Ingersoll et al. (1994). Following re-homogenization, five replicates were prepared from each sample. Each replicate consisted of 100 mL of sediment overlain with 175 mL of reconstituted water in a 300 mL lipless beaker with a notch covered with stainless steel mesh. Reconstituted water prepared in the laboratory had a hardness of 90-100 mg/L as CaCO3, alkalinity 70 mg/L as CaCO3, specific conductance 330-360 micro S/cm and pH 8.0-8.2. Ten 7-14 day old Hyalella azteca (Amphipoda) were placed in each replicate.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Ingersoll, C.G., G.T. Ankley, G.A. Burton, F.J. Dwyer, R.A. Hoke, T.J. Norberg-King and P.V. Winger.
Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
Methods for measuring the toxicity and bioaccumulation of sediment-associated contaminants with freshwater invertebrates.
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency publication
Issue_Identification: EPA/600/R-94/024
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Identifier:
Methodology_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Methodology_Keyword: solid-phase sediments
Methodology_Description:
Animals were exposed to solid-phase sediments for 10 days, with overlying water renewed twice daily. Tests were conducted at 23 +/- degree C under 16-h light: 8-h dark. Fish food (Tetrafin) was added daily (1.0 mL of 4g dry solids/L to each beaker. Temperature and dissolved oxygen were measured daily, and hardness, alkalinity, pH, specific conductance and ammonia of overlying water were measured at the start and end of the test. Survival was the endpoint, and test acceptability was based on 90% survival in sediment from the Ogeechee River in GA.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Zumwalt, D.C., F.J. Dwyer, I.E. Greer and C.G. Ingersoll
Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
A water-renewal system that accurately delivers small volumes of water to exposure chambers.
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Environ. Toxicol. Chem
Issue_Identification: 13
Other_Citation_Details: pp. 1311-1314
Methodology_Type: Lab
Methodology_Description:
See Parley and Lasier, 1998 for more laboratory procedures.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Parley V. Winger and Peter J. Lasier
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Originator:
University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources, Athens, GA
Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River
Series_Information:
Series_Name:
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Issue_Identification: 35
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Other_Citation_Details: pp. 213-217
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Statistical analyses of survival data consisted of analysis of variance using General Linear Models and Dunnett's means comparison (SAS 1990). Metals data were analyzed using SAS General Linear Models and Tukey's means comparisons.
Process_Date: unknown

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Based on local reference names.

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Entity - organics, metals; Associated attributes - presence of organics: organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organophosphate insecticides and PAHs; metals: chromium, copper, lead, manganese, nickel, zinc.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: unknown

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources
Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center,
University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest
Resources
Contact_Person: Parley Winger
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Address: Warnell School of Forest Resources
Address: University of Georgia
City: Athens
State_or_Province: GA
Postal_Code: 30602-2152
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 706-546-2146
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: parley_winger@usgs.gov
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the accuracy or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from a U.S. Geological Survey server, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The U.S. Geological Survey shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
Custom_Order_Process: Please contact distributor.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 1996
Metadata_Review_Date: 200004
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Raytheon Information Technology and Scientific
Services (ITSS)
Contact_Person: Cheryl Solomon
Contact_Position: Ecosystem Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: 4500 Forbes Boulevard
City: Lanham
State_or_Province: MD
Postal_Code: 20706
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 301 794-3049
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 301 794-3164
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: solomon@gcmd.nasa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
NBII Content Standard for National Biological Information Infrastructure Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: December 1995
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None

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