The Portland Cement sites consist of five separate dumping incidents in four discreet geographical locations in Salt Lake County where a total of about 500,000 cubic yards of cement kiln dust from the Salt Lake City Portland Cement plant was dumped. In two of the locations the dumping was at the request of property owners who believed the material was suitable as construction fill; in the other two the dumping was on undeveloped land with the permission of property owners. Although natural resource injuries from these incidents were not assessed, the kiln dust wastes, containing heavy metals and high pH potentially impacted aquatic habitats and migratory birds in the Jordan River and within wetlands adjacent to the Great Salt Lake where the wastes were dumped on undeveloped lands. Two of the sites (Portland Cement Sites 2 and 3) which were located in an industrial area in Salt Lake City adjacent to a canal that drains to the Great Salt Lake, were placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) by EPA in 1986. In association with bankruptcy proceedings against the owner of the Salt Lake City Portland Cement manufacturing facility (Lonestar Industries) and transfers of the land to new ownership, a series of bankruptcy and prospective purchaser settlements were negotiated between the EPA, DOI, Lonestar Industries, the previous land owners and prospective new land owners between 1995-1999. DOI was awarded a total of approximately $250,000 through these settlements. Due to a lack of restoration options in the areas where the potential injuries, the DOI trustees (USFWS) evaluated several other options and elected to add the Portland Cement funds to the remaining Sharon Steel Restoration funds, to be applied to the completion of the Big Bend Habitat Restoration Project. The FWS and the DOI Restoration Support Unit have finalized the Sharon Steel Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment, and anticipate beginning to fund this project, which entails hydrologic and habitat restoration of the Jordan River on an 80-acre site in the Salt Lake Valley that will be used as an urban nature park and migratory bird and wildlife preserve (separated by a 1.1 mile length of restored river) in 2019.