The French, Ltd., site in Crosby, Harris County, Texas was operated as a petrochemical waste disposal site from 1966 until its closure in 1973. The site received approximately 100,000 barrels of industrial waste per year between 1966 and 1972. Wastes included heavy metals, phenols, PCBs, oil, grease, acids, and solvents. After French Ltd. declared bankruptcy in 1973, the site was deeded to the State of Texas. Located within the 100-year flood plain of the San Jacinto River, several floods carried waste into Galveston Bay Estuary causing impacting both nesting and migratory birds. The abandoned 15 acre waste pit was listed as to the National Priorities List (NPL) on September 8, 1983. Multiple responsible (>90) parties contributed approximately 3.4 million cubic feet of material to the site while in operation. The state and federal trustees in conjunction with the primary responsible parties settled the case in 1993. The cooperative settlement provided for the creation of 25 acres of tidally influenced marsh in the delta to compensate for all losses. The trustees took advantage of a unique opportunity to convert an abandoned subdivision in Baytown, Texas into tidal marsh. The now completed restoration project, was the beginning of the Baytown Nature Center and continues to provide both community and ecological benefits today.
French Limited Restoration Site, Credit: USFWS