Bennington Municipal Sanitary Landfill NPL Site

State TrusteeFederal Trustee

Also Known As


Incident Type




Case Status



Hewitt Brook


Contaminants of Concern Include

Affected DOI Resources Include

Migratory Birds

Financial Summary

Restoration Funds Collected:


*Restoration Funds Allocated:


*Restoration Funds Remaining:


* Restoration Funds can contain multiple settlements/projects. All collections are placed in interest bearing accounts. For detailed information on individual settlements/ projects please visit: NRDAR Status Report

Case Description

The landfill began operation in 1969 and received commercial, residential, and industrial solid and liquid wastes. The Town of Bennington leased the property for use as a landfill until 1985, when it purchased the property. In April 1987, the landfill was closed and the Town established a transfer station adjacent to the location of the landfill.

Throughout the entire period of operation (1969-1987) residential, industrial, and commercial waste was disposed in the landfill. One portion of the landfill was used for the disposal of liquid wastes from 1969-1975. This area, known as the “lagoon”, was covered with debris and is within the limits of the current solid waste mass. A drainage system was constructed within the landfill in 1976 to lower the groundwater level in the waste. The outlet for this drainage system was a pipe whose discharge was responsible for the creation of the drainage pond.

The Town of Bennington performed a solid waste closure of the landfill in 1990 in accordance with the Vermont Solid Waste Program. Collection of the underdrain discharge was not included in the solid waste closure.

The surficial sand and gravel aquifer has been impacted by the landfill. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), volatile organic compounds (including vinyl chloride, chloroethane, 1,1 dichloroethene, 1,2 dichloroethene, 1,1,1 trichloroethane, trichloroethene, methylene chloride, and benzene) and several metals (arsenic, barium, and manganese) have been detected at elevated levels. Elevated levels of PCBs were also found in the soil and sediment of a small area of standing water near the outlet to the discharge from the drainage pipe.

The contamination of the surficial sand and gravel aquifer extends from under the landfill to area east of the landfill where the groundwater recharges into a wetland that serves as the headwaters for Hewitt Brook. Elevated levels of contaminants were detected in wells abutting the landfill and drop significantly within several hundred feet from the landfill. There is an increase in arsenic with distance from the landfill that is likely a result of the mobilization of arsenic from the natural soil materials due to the reducing environment created by the presence of landfill leachate. Very low levels volatile organic compounds were detected in the bedrock aquifer adjacent to the landfill. High levels of PCBs were found in the soil and sediment adjacent to the discharge from the underdrain discharge pipe. Some of the PCBs migrated into the sediments of the wetland and Hewitt Brook.

Credit: USFWS

Case Documents

 Document TypeDocument NameDocument Date


 Factsheet Fact Sheet 2001 09/11/2001
 Factsheet Fact Sheet 2010 01/01/2010


 Consent Decree Consent Decree-various defendants 08/18/1997

Map View

Case Contact

New England Ecological Services Field Office

Concord, NH | (603) 223-2541 |

If you have any problems, suggestions, or comments about our website please notify

Content Protected Copyright © 2020 NRDAR. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written consent of NRDAR is Strictly Prohibited.