Allied Paper Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River NPL Site

State TrusteeFederal TrusteeAO Bureau

Also Known As

Incident Type




Case Status



Portage Creek and Kalamazoo River


Contaminants of Concern Include

Affected DOI Resources Include

Migratory Birds, Threatened and Endangered Species

Financial Summary

Restoration Funds Collected:


*Restoration Funds Allocated:


*Restoration Funds Remaining:


* Restoration Funds can contain multiple settlements/projects. All collections are placed in interest bearing accounts. For detailed information on individual settlements/ projects please visit: NRDAR Status Report

Case Description

Industrial activities on the Kalamazoo River and Portage Creek released polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to those waterways and the surrounding environment. As a result, the U.S. EPA designated areas downstream of the releases of PCBs as the Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site, which stretches from Morrow Dam near Comstock, Michigan, downstream 80 miles to Lake Michigan. The Trustees for natural resources are conducting a NRDA to determine the amount of restoration needed both to return the Kalamazoo River Environment to what it would have been like if the contaminants had not been released and to compensate the public for the loss of use and enjoyment of their natural resources resulting from the contaminants. The Trustee agencies for this NRDA are the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, the Michigan Department of the Attorney General, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In a Stage I Assessment, the Trustees documented injuries including impaired reproduction of bald eagles, the presence of fish consumption advisories, and concentrations of PCBs in soils and sediments that are known to cause impairments to benthic invertebrates, mammals, and birds. Working with EPA, the State of Michigan, and the paper companies, the Trustees are working to ensure the cleanup actions are combined with removal of aging dams and eventual restoration of river and floodplain habitats. The Trustees have used funding from two bankruptcy settlements to conduct additional restoration projects. In December of 2019, the Trustees launched a website to collect additional ideas for restoration at the same time that they announced a settlement with NCR Corporation. If approved by the court, the settlement will provide an additional $25 million for restoration and reimburse the Trustees, collectively, for $2 million of their past assessment costs.

Public meeting is being held on January 13, 2020 at the Kalamazoo Public Library at 6:30pm.

Additional case information can be found on the FWS trustee's website at:

Alcott Street Dam Structure, Credit: USFWS

Credit: Stratus consulting

Example of residual paper waste deposited in floodplain, Credit: Stratus Consulting

Case Documents

 Document TypeDocument NameDocument Date
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Data pager
Page size:
 24 items in 2 pages


 Factsheet Fact Sheet 2005  
 Factsheet Fact Sheet 2012 05/01/2012
 Factsheet Kalamazoo River NRDA Summary of the Stage I Assessment  


 MOA/MOU 1st Modification-Trustees Agreement 02/14/2005
 MOA/MOU Trustees Agreement 10/10/2003


 Study Report Freshwater Mussels from Battle Creek to Saugatuck 10/01/2001
 PAS Preassessment Screen 05/30/2000
 Study Report Stage 1 Assessment Report: Recreational Fishing Update 07/16/2009
 Assessment Report Stage I Assessment Report: Volume 1 - Injury Assessment 03/15/2005
 Assessment Report Stage I Assessment Report: Volume 2 - Economic Assessment 03/15/2005


 Complaint Compliant filed against NCR Corporation 12/11/2019
 Consent Decree Proposed Consent Decree with NCR 12/11/2019
 Settlement Agreement Settlement Agreement (Lyondell Chemical Co.) 03/29/2010
 Settlement Agreement Settlement Agreement (Plainwell Inc.) 09/15/2003

Restoration (Showing 6 of 8 items. Group continues on the next page.)

 Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment Draft Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement 08/01/2015
 Restoration Implementation Report Evaluation of Mussel Survival from the Former Plainwell Impoundment Translocation 10/08/2010
 Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment Final Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Restoration Resulting from the Kalamazoo River Natural Resource Damage Assessment 08/29/2016
 Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment Final Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Restoration Resulting from the Kalamazoo River Natural Resource Damage Assessment: Appendices 08/29/2016
 Restoration Report Plainwell Diversion Dam Mussel Translocation Report 03/19/2010
 Restoration Implementation Report Plainwell Impoundment Mussel Translocation Report 03/19/2010

Map View

Case Contact

East Lansing Ecological Services Field Office

East Lansing, MI | (517) 351-2555 |

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