The 3,500 acre ALCOA facility functions as an aluminum refining and manufacturing facility located on the east shore of Lavaca Bay, Texas. Since 1948, operations have included aluminum smelting and refining, and gas and chlor-alkali processing. The site was National Priorities Listed in February1994, primarily due to elevated mercury in sediments and fish, crabs, and birds; resulting in a 1988 fisheries closure in portions of Lavaca Bay. In January 1997, the Trustees and ALCOA entered into a MOA which provided a framework to conduct a cooperative NRDA at the site and reached settlement in 2004 the responsible party to implement restoration of both recreational and ecological losses.
Credit: NOAA and USFWS