NRDAR

The mission of the U.S. Department of the Interior's (DOI) Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program (NRDAR Program) is to restore natural resources injured as a result of oil spills or hazardous substance releases into the environment. Read More . . .

T/V Exxon Valdez Crude Oil Spill

AO BureauFederal TrusteeFederal TrusteeState Trustee

Also Known As

Incident Type

Oil

State

Alaska

Case Status

Restoration

Location

Prince William Sound

Authority

CWA

Contaminants of Concern Include

Oil

Affected DOI Resources Include

Migratory Birds, Threatened and Endangered Species, Marine Mammals, Interjurisdictional Fish, Anadromous Fish, DOI Managed Lands

Case Description


Shortly after midnight on March 24, 1989, the T/V Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling almost eleven million gallons of North Slope crude oil. The oil moved along the coastline of Alaska, contaminating portions of the shoreline of Prince William Sound, the Kenai Peninsula, lower Cook Inlet, the Kodiak Archipelago, and the Alaska Peninsula. Oiled areas include a National Forest, four National Wildlife Refuges, three National Parks, five State Parks, four State Critical Habitat Areas, and a State Game Sanctuary. Oil eventually reached shorelines nearly 500 miles southwest from Bligh Reef. Cleanup activities continued for almost four years. Oil contaminated approximately 1,300 of the 9,000 shoreline miles in the area. The harm to wildlife was estimated to include the loss of 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, up to 22 killer whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs. As of October 2015, it remains the largest tanker spill in United States history.

Credit: Exxon Valdez Trustee Council

Barge water tanks, workers hosing beach, Credit: Exxon Valdez Trustee Council


Case Documents


 Document TypeDocument NameDocument Date
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 31 items in 2 pages

Factsheet

 Factsheet Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 01/01/2006

Agreement

 MOA/MOU Trustees Agreement 08/29/1991

Assessment

 Study Report Assessment of the Impact on Alaska Tourism Industry 12/01/1992
 Study Report Contingent Valuation Study of Lost Passive Use Values 11/10/1992
 Study Report Preliminary Economic Analysis of Recreational Fishing Loses 12/18/1992
 Study Report Replacement Costs of Birds and Mammals 12/01/1992
 Study Report Sport Fishing in the Aftermath 12/01/1992

Settlement

 Consent Decree Exxon Corporation Consent Decree 10/08/1991
 Consent Decree State of Alaska Consent Decree 08/28/1991

Restoration (Showing 11 of 22 items. Group continues on the next page.)

 Restoration Monitoring Report 1994 Status Report 03/01/1994
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1995 Status Report 03/01/1995
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1996 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1996 Update-Injured Resources & Services 09/01/1996
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1997 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1998 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1999 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1999 Update-Injured Resources & Services 03/01/1999
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2000 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2001 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2002 Status Report  

Map View


Case Contact


Alaska FWS Regional Office

1011 East Tudor Road, MS 361, Anchorage, AK, 99503 | (907) 786-3866 | http://www.fws.gov/alaska/fisheries/contaminants/index.htm

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