T/V Exxon Valdez Crude Oil Spill

State TrusteeState of Alaska
Federal TrusteeDepartment of Commerce
Federal TrusteeU.S. Department of Agriculture
AO Bureau

Also Known As

Incident Type




Case Status



Prince William Sound



Contaminants of Concern Include


Affected DOI Resources Include

Migratory Birds, Threatened and Endangered Species, Marine Mammals, Anadromous Fish, DOI Managed Lands

Case Description

Shortly after midnight on March 24, 1989, the T/V Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling almost eleven million gallons of North Slope crude oil. The oil moved along the coastline of Alaska, contaminating portions of the shoreline of Prince William Sound, the Kenai Peninsula, lower Cook Inlet, the Kodiak Archipelago, and the Alaska Peninsula. Oiled areas include a National Forest, four National Wildlife Refuges, three National Parks, five State Parks, four State Critical Habitat Areas, and a State Game Sanctuary. Oil eventually reached shorelines nearly 500 miles southwest from Bligh Reef. Cleanup activities continued for almost four years. Oil contaminated approximately 1,300 of the 9,000 shoreline miles in the area. The harm to wildlife was estimated to include the loss of 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, up to 22 killer whales, and billions of salmon and herring eggs. As of October 2015, it remains the largest tanker spill in United States history.

Credit: Exxon Valdez Trustee Council

Barge water tanks, workers hosing beach, Credit: Exxon Valdez Trustee Council

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 Document TypeDocument NameDocument Date
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 Factsheet Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 01/01/2006


 MOA/MOU Trustees Agreement 08/29/1991

Restoration (Showing 18 of 22 items. Group continues on the next page.)

 Restoration Monitoring Report 1994 Status Report 03/01/1994
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1995 Status Report 03/01/1995
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1996 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1996 Update-Injured Resources & Services 09/01/1996
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1997 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1998 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1999 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 1999 Update-Injured Resources & Services 03/01/1999
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2000 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2001 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2002 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2002 Update-Injured Resources & Services 08/01/2002
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2003 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2004 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2006 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2006 Update-Injured Resources & Services 11/01/2006
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2007 Status Report  
 Restoration Monitoring Report 2009 Status Report  

No publications have been entered for this case.

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Case Contact

Alaska FWS Regional Office

1011 East Tudor Road, MS 361, Anchorage, AK, 99503 | (907) 786-3866 | https://www.fws.gov/alaska/

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