The Burgess Site is situated in southwestern Vermont in the towns of Bennington and Woodford. The Burgess Site encompasses approximately 2-3 acres in а 60-acre parcel owned by the Burgess Brothers Construction Company. The Burgess Site contains а landfill and wetlands and is surrounded by hardwood forest. А small brook which drains the Burgess Site flows into Barney Brook which flows into the Walloomsac River approximately three miles from the Burgess Site. The Walloomsac River flows downstream to the Hoosic River. Wetlands and undisturbed portions of the Burgess Site provide important habitat for numerous migratory bird species, including thrushes, warblers, assorted passerines and several species of raptors.
From 1967 to 1976, waste products from the manufacture of batteries, primarily lead sludge, were disposed in small lagoons and municipal refuse was disposed in the landfill.
Beginning in the 1970's, wetlands adjacent to the landfill were impacted bу hazardous waste migrating out of the Burgess Site. In the 1990's, containment and isolation actions were conducted to remediate the Burgess Site and prevent future impacts. However, these remedial actions resulted in further injuries to wetlands due to erosion and other physical disturbance in wetland habitat. Specifically, 0.6 acres of palustrine emergent and forested wetland habitat were destroyed in perpetuity due to erosion/accretion, re-grading and capping of the landfill. А habitat equivalency analysis was utilized to calculate the amount of wetlands restoration needed to offset past and future wetland loss. Through this approach it was determined that approximately 2 acres of wetland restoration would compensate for wetlands impaired in the past and lost in perpetuity at the Burgess Site.
In 1976, the State of Vermont shut down disposal operations at the Burgess Site and in 1989 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (ЕРА) listed the Burgess Site оn the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL).